Flu General Information

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Remember to Take 3 actions to fight flu this season. 1. Get a Vaccine in shot or mist form. 2. Wash your hands. 3. Take antivirals if prescribed by your doctor if you get the flu.

  All information online at cdc.gov/flu

 What is flu/influenza?

  • Influenza (flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses.
  • It can cause mild to severe illness.
  • Serious flu infection can result in hospitalization or death.
  • Some people, such as older people, young children, and people with certain health conditions, are at high risk of serious flu complications.

What are general flu symptoms? 

  • Fever or feeling feverish/chills
    • Not everyone with the flu will have a fever
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Vomiting & Diarrhea (more common in children than adults)

Flu vs cold

How do I protect myself from the flu? 

How can I avoid getting the flu?

  1. Get a flu vaccine - recommended yearly
  2. Try to avoid close contact with those who are sick
  3. Take steps to stop the spread of germs 
    • Cover your cough and sneeze with a tissue or the inside of your elbow
    • Do not cough or sneeze into your hands or into the air
    • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or with your elbow when you cough or sneeze
    • Wash your hands often with soap and water

 

What if I am sick?

What should I do if I think I have the flu?

  • Speak to your doctor
  • Stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone, except to get medical care or necessities
  • Take anti-viral medication, as prescribed by your doctor

Do I need to go the emergency room if I am only a little sick?

No. The emergency room should be used for people who are very sick. You should not go to the emergency room if you are only mildly ill.

  • If you have the emergency warning signs of flu sickness, you should go to the emergency room.
  • If you go to the emergency room and you are not sick with the flu, you may catch it from people who do have it.

What are the emergency warning signs of flu sickness?

In children

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing
  • Bluish skin color
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Not waking up or not interacting
  • Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
  • Fever with a rash

In addition to the signs above, get medical help right away for any infant who has any of these signs:

  • Being unable to eat
  • Has trouble breathing
  • Has no tears when crying
  • Significantly fewer wet diapers than normal

In adults

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Severe or persistent vomiting
  • Flu-like symptoms that improve but then return with fever and worse cough

Are there medicines to treat the flu?

  • Yes. There are drugs your doctor may prescribe for treating the flu called “antivirals.” These drugs can make you better faster and may also prevent serious complications.

How long should I stay home if I’m sick?

  • CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or other necessities.
  • Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine, such as Tylenol®.
  • You should stay home from work, school, travel, shopping, social events, and public gatherings.

What should I do while I’m sick?

  • Stay away from others as much as possible to keep from infecting them.
  • If you must leave home, for example to get medical care, wear a facemask if you have one, or cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue.
  • Wash your hands often to keep from spreading flu to others.

 

More Information

 

1000 Martin Road, Amarillo, TX 79107

Phone: 806-378-6300 

Fax: 806-378-6306

24 Hour Emergency Number: 806-680-8980